45% Kano children stunted — Official

No fewer than 45 per cent of under-five-age children in Kano State are said to be stunted due to a lack of proper breastfeeding and not observing the right nutrition.

The Deputy Director, Family Health and Nutrition, Kano State Primary Healthcare Management Board, made this known while addressing newsmen at an annual dialogue on giving voice and visibility to Maternal Infant and Young Child Nutrition on Thursday in Kano.

The media dialogue was organised in collaboration with the Alive and Thrive Initiative.

He stressed the need for Kano State to address the issue of stunting caused by undernutrition and lack of proper breastfeeding, adding that the state is very populous with 810,000 children aged 6–23 months.

“Kano is the most populous state in Nigeria with 810,000 children aged 6–23 months. Stunting affects 46 per cent of under-five children in Kano state.

“Only 30 per cent of children 6–23 months in Kano consume food from 5 varieties of foods daily, and only 40.5 per cent consume a meal at an ideal number of times daily.

“Only 14.6 per cent consume Minimum Acceptable Diet, only 28.7 per cent consume meat, 12.3 per cent consume dairy and 2 per cent consume eggs,” he said.

However, he gave a window of opportunity that will resolve the growing problem, saying that the first 1000 days of life starting from the mother’s pregnancy to the child’s second birthday is the ideal time to prevent undernutrition and its consequences.

“The first 1,000 days of life, from the start of a woman’s pregnancy to a child’s second birthday offer an extraordinary window of opportunity for preventing undernutrition and its consequences. From conception to 2 years represents a ‘critical window of opportunity’ for the promotion of optimal growth, health and development.

“Actions targeted at this critical period, such as widely accepted and evidence-based interventions, including Exclusive Breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life beginning with Early Initiation, discouraging prelacteal feeds and bottle feeding.

“Appropriate complementary foods from 6 months with continued Breastfeeding for up to 2 years, micronutrient supplementation for women and children to address deficiencies.

“These investments in nutrition, particularly in the earliest years of life, can yield dramatic results for children, their families, and communities.

“Most instances of stunting occur during the first thousand days when complementary feeding plays a major role. Poor Dietary Diversity is a risk factor for stunting among children aged 6 – 23 months.

“Children 6-23 months who consumed fewer food groups were 34% more likely to be stunted compared to those who consumed 5 or more food groups.

“Children who did not consume any animal source foods (ASF) were 44 % more likely to be stunted compared to children who consumed all three types of ASF (egg, meat, and dairy)” he said.

He explained further that maternal and newborn health and nutrition are inextricably connected, adding that Nigeria accounts for over 34 per cent of global maternal deaths.

“The risk of dying during pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, or after an abortion for a Nigerian woman is 1 in 22 compared to 1 in 49,000 in developed countries. 95% of these deaths are preventable.

“Nigeria loses about 2,313 children daily, translating to 844,321 under-five children deaths annually, close to half of which are due to malnutrition,” he added.


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